DIAGNOSIS

Some Assists for Safe Drive

If you would like to make sure that your car is safe to drive and get will you from point A to point B safe and sound. Here are a list of some steering and suspension problems and their probable causes. Some of these solutions are quite easy and require little time but will make a significant improvement your cars handling and performance

Abnormal Tire Wear

Car Pulls To One Side

Improper wheel alignment setting.

Adjust to factory specifications.

Improper front wheel alignment setting.

Check and Inflate to recommended air pressure

Incorrect tire inflation pressure.

Check and Inflate to recommended air pressure.

Uneven tire pressure.

Check and Inflate to recommended air pressure

Worn ball joints or suspension bushings.

Replace ball joints or bushings.

Worn ball joints or suspension bushings.

Replace ball joints or bushings.

Worn tire rod ends.

Replace tie rod assemblies.

improper rear wheel alignment

Adjust to factory specifications or replace parts.

Tire imbalance (cupped wear).

Balance tires.

Mismatched tires.

Replace all tires.

Worn shocks or struts.

Replace shocks or struts.

Power steering rack or box defective.

Replace or repair power steering unit.

Bent control arm or spindle.

Replace control arm or spindle.

Dragging brake.

Check for mechanical or hydraulic problem.

Loose wheel bearings.

Adjust or replace bearings.

Inoperative brake on opposite side.

Check for seized caliper, brake fluid leak or restriction,

worn or contaminated brake linings.

Car Wanders Side-To-Side

Hard Steering While Car Is Rolling

Improper front wheel alignment setting

Check and Inflate to recommended air pressure

Improper wheel alignment setting.

Adjust to factory specifications.

Worn suspension bushings.

Replace bushings.

Low tire pressure.

Check and Inflate to recommended air pressure.

Worn tie rod ends.

Replace tie rod assembly

Binding in steering linkage.

Check for interference, lack of lubricant.

Worn idler arm or pitman arm.

Replace idler arm or pitman arm.

Failure in power steering system.

Replace idler arm or pitman arm.

Low tire pressure.

Check and Inflate to recommended air pressure.

Tight steering gear adjustment.

Adjust steering gear to factory specifications.

Worn struts or shock absorbers.

Replace struts or shocks.

Loose wheel bearings.

Adjust or replace bearings.

Hard Steering
While Car Is Still

Front Wheel Shimmy

Improper wheel alignment setting.

Adjust to factory specifications.

Low tire pressure.

Check and Inflate to recommended air pressure.

Worn or loose wheel bearings.

Adjust or replace bearings.

Failure in power steering system.

Replace idler arm or pitman arm.

Tire imbalance.

Balance tires.

Tight steering gear adjustment.

Adjust steering gear to factory specifications.

Worn hydraulic steering damper.

Replace steering damper.

Binding in steering linkage.

Check for interference, lack of lubricant.

Bent wheel.

Replace wheel.

Clunking Noise Over Bumps

Power Steering Noise

Worn shocks or struts.

Replace shocks or struts.

Squealing noise: loose, worn, or contaminated pump belt.

Adjust or replace belt.

Deteriorated suspension bushings.

Replace bushings.

Growling noise: fluid restriction, or defective pump or steering gear.

Check fluid flow, pump output, then steering gear

Loose strut mounting nut.

Tighten or replace mounting nut.

Hissing noise while turning with car stationary.

Rebuild or replace power steering pump.

Loose shock absorber mountings.

Tighten nuts, or replace bushings.

Groaning noise: low fluid level.

Fill pump reservoir with proper fluid.

Whining noise: worn pump bearings.

Rebuild or replace power steering pump.

Steering Wheel Pull / Shimmy When Braking

Worn shocks or struts.

Replace shocks or struts.

Deteriorated suspension bushings.

Replace bushings.

Improper front wheel alignment setting

Check and Inflate to recommended air pressure

Loose wheel bearings.

Adjust or replace bearings.

Excessive disc brake rotor run-out.

Replace both front or rear brake discs or rotors.

Uneven braking force.

Check for mechanical or hydraulic problem.

Inoperative brake.

Check for seized caliper, fluid leak or restriction, worn or contaminated lining.

Weak or broken spring.

Replace spring.